|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Are of different varieties. Probably the flocks of Abraham and Isaac were of the wild species found still in the mountain regions of Persia and Kurdistan. After the Exodus, and as a result of intercourse with surrounding nations, other species were no doubt introduced into the herds of the people of Israel. They are frequently mentioned in Scripture. The care of a shepherd over his flock is referred to as illustrating God's care over his people (Psalm 23:1, 2; 74:1; 77:20; Isaiah 40:11; 53:6; John 10:1-5, 7-16).
"The sheep of Palestine are longer in the head than ours, and have tails from 5 inches broad at the narrowest part to 15 inches at the widest, the weight being in proportion, and ranging generally from 10 to 14 lbs., but sometimes extending to 30 lbs. The tails are indeed huge masses of fat" (Geikie's Holy Land, etc.). The tail was no doubt the "rump" so frequently referred to in the Levitical sacrifices (Exodus 29:22; Leviticus 3:9; 7:3; 9:19). Sheep-shearing was generally an occasion of great festivity (Genesis 31:19; 38:12, 13; 1 Samuel 25:4-8, 36; 2 Samuel 13:23-28).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n. sing. & pl.) Any one of several species of ruminants of the genus Ovis, native of the higher mountains of both hemispheres, but most numerous in Asia.
2. (n. sing. & pl.) A weak, bashful, silly fellow.
3. (n. sing. & pl.) Fig.: The people of God, as being under the government and protection of Christ, the great Shepherd.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The usual Hebrew word is tso'n, which is often translated "flock," e.g. "Abel.... brought of the firstlings of his flock" (Genesis 4:4); "butter of the herd, and milk of the flock" (Deuteronomy 32:14). The King James Version and the English Revised Version have "milk of sheep." Compare Arabic da'n. The Greek word is probaton. For other names, see notes under CATTLE; EWE; LAMB; RAM.
The origin of domestic sheep is unknown. There are 11 wild species, the majority of which are found in Asia, and it is conceivable that they may have spread from the highlands of Central Asia to the other portions of their habitat. In North America is found the "bighorn," which is very closely related to a Kamschatkan species. One species, the urial or sha, is found in India. The Barbary sheep, Ovis tragelaphus, also known as the aoudad or arui, inhabits the Atlas Mountains of Northwest Africa. It is thought by Tristram to be zemer, English Versions of the Bible "chamois" of Deuteronomy 14:5, but there is no good evidence that this animal ranges eastward into Bible lands. Geographically nearest is the Armenian wild sheep, Ovis gmelini, of Asia Minor and Persia. The Cyprian wild sheep may be only a variety of the last, and the mouflon of Corsica and Sardinia is an allied species. It is not easy to draw the line between wild sheep and wild goats. Among the more obvious distinctions are the chin beard and strong odor of male goats. The pelage of all wild sheep consists of hair, not wool, and this indeed is true of some domestic sheep as the fat-rumped short-tailed sheep of Abyssinia and Central Asia. The young lambs of this breed have short curly wool which is the astrachan of commerce. Sheep are geologically recent, their bones and teeth not being found in earlier deposits than the pleiocene or pleistocene. They were, however, among the first of domesticated animals.
3. Sheep of Palestine:
The sheep of Syria and Palestine are characterized by the possession of an enormous fat tail which weighs many pounds and is known in Arabic as 'alyat, or commonly, liyat. This is the 'alyah, "fat tail" (the King James Version "rump") (Exodus 29:22 Leviticus 3:9; Leviticus 7:3; Leviticus 8:25; Leviticus 9:19), which was burned in sacrifice. This is at the present day esteemed a great delicacy. Sheep are kept in large numbers by the Bedouin, but a large portion of the supply of mutton for the cities is from the sheep of Armenia and Kurdistan, of which great droves are brought down to the coast in easy stages. Among the Moslems every well-to-do family sacrifices a sheep at the feast of al-'adcha', the 10th day of the month dhu-l-chijjat, 40 days after the end of ramadan, the month of fasting. In Lebanon every peasant family during the summer fattens a young ram, which is literally crammed by one of the women of the household, who keeps the creature's jaw moving with one hand while with the other she stuffs its mouth with vine or mulberry leaves. Every afternoon she washes it at the village fountain. When slaughtered in the fall it is called ma`luf, "fed," and is very fat and the flesh very tender. Some of the meat and fat are eaten at once, but the greater part, fat and lean, is cut up fine, cooked together in a large vessel with pepper and salt, and stored in an earthen jar. This, the so-called qauramat, is used as needed through the winter.
In the mountains the sheep are gathered at night into folds, which may be caves or enclosures of rough stones. Fierce dogs assist the shepherd in warding off the attacks of wolves, and remain at the fold through the day to guard the slight bedding and simple utensils. In going to pasture the sheep are not driven but are led, following the shepherd as he walks before them and calls to them. "When he hath put forth all his own, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice" (John 10:4).
4. Old Testament References:
The sheepfolds of Reuben on the plain of Gilead are referred to in Numbers 32:16 and Judges 5:16. A cave is mentioned in 1 Samuel 24:3 in connection with the pursuit of David by Saul. The shepherd origin of David is referred to in Psalm 78:70:
"He chose David also his servant,
And took him from the sheepfolds."
Compare also 2 Samuel 7:8 and 1 Chronicles 17:7.
The shearing of the sheep was a large operation and evidently became a sort of festival. Absalom invited the king's sons to his sheep-shearing in Baal-hazor in order that he might find an opportunity to put Amnon to death while his heart was "merry with wine" (2 Samuel 13:23-29). The character of the occasion is evident also from the indignation of David at Nabal when the latter refused to provide entertainment at his sheep-shearing for David's young men who had previously protected the flocks of Nabal (1 Samuel 25:2-13). There is also mention of the sheep-shearing of Judah (Genesis 38:12) and of Laban (Genesis 31:19), on which occasion Jacob stole away with his wives and children and his flocks.
Sheep were the most important sacrificial animals, a ram or a young male being often specified. Ewes are mentioned in Leviticus 3:6; Leviticus 4:32; Leviticus 5:6; Leviticus 14:10; Leviticus 22:28 Numbers 6:14.
In the Books of Chronicles we find statements of enormous numbers of animals consumed in sacrifice: "And king Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty and two thousand oxen, and a hundred and twenty thousand sheep" (2 Chronicles 7:5); "And they sacrificed unto Yahweh in that day (in the reign of Asa).... seven hundred oxen and seven thousand sheep" (2 Chronicles 15:11); at the cleansing of the temple by Hezekiah "the consecrated things were six hundred oxen and three thousand sheep. But the priests were too few, so that they could not flay all the burnt-offerings: wherefore their brethren the Levites did help them" (2 Chronicles 29:33 f); and "Hezekiah king of Judah did give to the assembly for offerings a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the assembly a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep" (2 Chronicles 30:24). In the account of the war of the sons of Reuben and their allies with the Hagrites, we read: "And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men a hundred thousand" (1 Chronicles 5:21). Mesha king of Moab is called a "sheep-master," and we read that "he rendered unto the king of Israel the wool of a hundred thousand lambs, and of a hundred thousand rams" (2 Kings 3:4).
Christ is represented as the Lamb of God (Isaiah 53:7 John 1:29 Revelation 5:6). Some of the most beautiful passages in the Bible represent God as a shepherd: "From thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel" (Genesis 49:24); "Yahweh is my shepherd; I shall not want" (Psalm 23:1; compare Isaiah 40:11 Ezekiel 34:12-16). Jesus said "I am the good shepherd; and I know mine own, and mine own know me.... and I lay down my life for the sheep" (John 10:14 f). The people without leaders are likened to sheep without a shepherd (Numbers 27:17 1 Kings 22:17 2 Chronicles 18:16 Ezekiel 34:5). Jesus at the Last Supper applies to Himself the words of Zechariah 13:7; "I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad" (Matthew 26:31 Mark 14:27). The enemies of Yahweh are compared to the fat of the sacrifice that is consumed away in smoke (Psalm 37:20). God's people are "the sheep of his pasture" (Psalm 79:13; Psalm 95:7; Psalm 100:3). In sinning they become like lost sheep (Isaiah 53:6 Jeremiah 50:6 Ezekiel 34:6 Luke 15:3). In the mouth of Nathan the poor man's one little ewe lamb is a vivid image of the treasure of which the king David has robbed Uriah the Hittite (2 Samuel 12:3). In Songs 6:6, the teeth of the bride are likened to a flock of ewes. It is prophesied that "the wolf shall dwell with the lamb" (Isaiah 11:6) and that "the wolf and the lamb shall feed together" (Isaiah 65:25). Jesus says to His disciples, "I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves" (Matthew 10:16; compare Luke 10:3). In the parable of the Good Shepherd we read: "He that is a hireling, and not a shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, beholdeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth" (John 10:12).
Alfred Ely Day
(sha`ar ha-tso'-n (Nehemiah 3:1, 32; Nehemiah 12:39)): One of the gates of Jerusalem, probably near the northeast corner. See JERUSALEM. For the "sheep gate" of John 5:2, see BETHESDA; SHEEP MARKET.
(John 5:2, the Revised Version (British and American) "sheep gate"): The Greek (he probatike) means simply something that pertains to sheep.
See BETHESDA; SHEEP GATE.
ten'-ding: The Scriptural allusions to pastoral life and the similes drawn from that life are the most familiar and revered in the Bible. Among the first verses that a child learns is "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not wants" (Psalm 23:1 the King James Version, the English Revised Version). What follower of the Master does not love to dwell on the words of the "Good Shepherd" chapter in the Gospel of John (John 10)? Jesus must have drawn a sympathetic response when He referred to the relationship of sheep to shepherd, a relationship familiar to all His hearers and doubtless shared by some of them with their flocks. As a rule the modern traveler in the Holy Land meets with disappointment if he comes expecting to see things as they were depicted in the Bible. An exception to this is the pastoral life, which has not changed one what since Abraham and his descendants fed their flocks on the rich plateaus East of the Jordan or on the mountains of Palestine and Syria. One may count among his most prized experiences the days and nights spent under the spell of Syrian shepherd life.
James A. Patch
See SHEEP MARKET.
Sheep (413 Occurrences)
Matthew 9:36 But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed and scattered, like sheep without a shepherd. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:6 Rather, go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:16 "Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 12:11 He said to them, "What man is there among you, who has one sheep, and if this one falls into a pit on the Sabbath day, won't he grab on to it, and lift it out? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 12:12 Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath day." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 15:24 But he answered, "I wasn't sent to anyone but the lost sheep of the house of Israel." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 18:12 "What do you think? If a man has one hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray, doesn't he leave the ninety-nine, go to the mountains, and seek that which has gone astray? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 18:13 And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the ninety and nine which went not astray. (KJV WBS NIV)
Matthew 25:32 Before him all the nations will be gathered, and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 25:33 He will set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 26:31 Then Jesus said to them, "All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written,'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 6:34 Jesus came out, saw a great multitude, and he had compassion on them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd, and he began to teach them many things. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 14:27 Jesus said to them, "All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written,'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 2:8 Now there were shepherds in the same part of the country, keeping watch over their sheep by night in the open fields, (WEY BBE)
Luke 2:15 And when the angels had gone away from them into heaven, the keepers of the sheep said to one another, Let us go now to Beth-lehem, and see this thing which has come about, which the Lord has made clear to us. (BBE)
Luke 2:18 And all those to whose ears it came were full of wonder at the things said by the keepers of the sheep. (BBE)
Luke 2:20 Then the keepers of the sheep went back, giving glory and praise to God for all the things which had come to their ears and which they had seen, as it had been said to them. (BBE)
Luke 15:4 "Which of you men, if you had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them, wouldn't leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost, until he found it? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 15:6 When he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them,'Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 17:7 But who is there among you, having a servant plowing or keeping sheep, that will say, when he comes in from the field,'Come immediately and sit down at the table,' (WEB WEY ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
John 2:14 He found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, and the changers of money sitting. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 2:15 He made a whip of cords, and threw all out of the temple, both the sheep and the oxen; and he poured out the changers' money, and overthrew their tables. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 5:2 Now in Jerusalem by the sheep gate, there is a pool, which is called in Hebrew, "Bethesda," having five porches. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:1 "Most certainly, I tell you, one who doesn't enter by the door into the sheep fold, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:2 But one who enters in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:3 The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:4 Whenever he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:7 Jesus therefore said to them again, "Most certainly, I tell you, I am the sheep's door. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:8 All who came before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep didn't listen to them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:10 The thief comes only to take the sheep and to put them to death: he comes for their destruction: I have come so that they may have life and have it in greater measure. (BBE)
John 10:11 I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:12 He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who doesn't own the sheep, sees the wolf coming, leaves the sheep, and flees. The wolf snatches the sheep, and scatters them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:13 The hired hand flees because he is a hired hand, and doesn't care for the sheep. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine. (KJV WEY BBE WBS YLT NIV)
John 10:15 even as the Father knows me, and I know the Father. I lay down my life for the sheep. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:16 I have other sheep, which are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will hear my voice. They will become one flock with one shepherd. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:26 But you don't believe, because you are not of my sheep, as I told you. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 21:16 He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?" He said to him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I have affection for you." He said to him, "Tend my sheep." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 21:17 He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you have affection for me?" Peter was grieved because he asked him the third time, "Do you have affection for me?" He said to him, "Lord, you know everything. You know that I have affection for you." Jesus said to him, "Feed my sheep. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 8:32 Now the passage of the Scripture which he was reading was this, "He was led as a sheep to the slaughter. As a lamb before his shearer is silent, so he doesn't open his mouth. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:36 Even as it is written, "For your sake we are killed all day long. We were accounted as sheep for the slaughter." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 9:7 Who ever goes to war without looking to someone to be responsible for his payment? who puts in vines and does not take the fruit of them? or who takes care of sheep without drinking of their milk? (BBE)
Hebrews 11:37 They were stoned. They were sawn apart. They were tempted. They were slain with the sword. They went around in sheep skins and in goat skins; being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 13:20 Now may the God of peace, who brought again from the dead the great shepherd of the sheep with the blood of an eternal covenant, our Lord Jesus, (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Peter 2:25 For you were going astray like sheep; but now have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Peter 5:4 And at the coming of the chief Keeper of the sheep, you will be given the eternal crown of glory. (BBE)
Jude 1:12 These men are unseen rocks at your love-feasts, when they take part in them with you, keepers of sheep who without fear take the food of the sheep; clouds without water rushing before the wind, wasted trees without fruit, twice dead, pulled up by the roots, (BBE)
Revelation 18:13 and cinnamon, incense, perfume, frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, sheep, horses, chariots, and people's bodies and souls. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 4:2 Again she gave birth, to Cain's brother Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS RSV)
Genesis 12:16 He dealt well with Abram for her sake. He had sheep, cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 13:5 And also to Lot, who is going with Abram, there hath been sheep and oxen and tents; (YLT)
Genesis 15:9 And he said, Take a young cow of three years old, and a she-goat of three years old, and a sheep of three years old, and a dove and a young pigeon. (BBE)
Genesis 20:14 Abimelech took sheep and cattle, male servants and female servants, and gave them to Abraham, and restored Sarah, his wife, to him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 21:27 Abraham took sheep and cattle, and gave them to Abimelech. Those two made a covenant. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 22:7 And Isaac spoke to Abraham his father, and said, My father! And he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood; but where is the sheep for a burnt-offering? (DBY)
Genesis 22:8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself with the sheep for a burnt-offering. And they went both of them together. (DBY)
Genesis 22:13 And lifting up his eyes, Abraham saw a sheep fixed by its horns in the brushwood: and Abraham took the sheep and made a burned offering of it in place of his son. (BBE)
Genesis 24:35 And Jehovah has blessed my master greatly, and he is become great; and he has given him sheep and cattle, and silver and gold, and bondmen and bondwomen, and camels and asses. (DBY NIV)
Genesis 29:2 He looked, and behold, a well in the field, and, behold, three flocks of sheep lying there by it. For out of that well they watered the flocks. The stone on the well's mouth was large. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:3 There all the flocks were gathered. They rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the sheep, and put the stone again on the well's mouth in its place. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:6 He said to them, "Is it well with him?" They said, "It is well. See, Rachel, his daughter, is coming with the sheep." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:7 He said, "Behold, it is still the middle of the day, not time to gather the livestock together. Water the sheep, and go and feed them." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:8 They said, "We can't, until all the flocks are gathered together, and they roll the stone from the well's mouth. Then we water the sheep." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:9 While he was yet speaking with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep, for she kept them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:10 It happened, when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban, his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban, his mother's brother, that Jacob went near, and rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the flock of Laban his mother's brother. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 30:32 I will pass through all your flock today, removing from there every speckled and spotted one, and every black one among the sheep, and the spotted and speckled among the goats. This will be my hire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 30:33 So my righteousness will answer for me hereafter, when you come concerning my hire that is before you. Every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats, and black among the sheep, that might be with me, will be counted stolen." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS)
Genesis 30:42 but when the sheep were feeble, he put them not in; so the feeble were Laban's, and the strong Jacob's. (DBY)
Genesis 31:19 Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep: and Rachel stole the teraphim that were her father's. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Genesis 31:38 These twenty years I have been with you; your sheep and your goats have had young without loss, not one of your he-goats have I taken for food. (BBE NIV)
Genesis 32:5 and I have oxen, and asses, sheep, and bondmen, and bondwomen; and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find favour in thine eyes. (DBY NIV)
Genesis 32:7 Then Jacob was greatly afraid, and was distressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the sheep and the cattle and the camels, into two troops. (DBY)
Genesis 32:14 Two hundred she-goats and twenty he-goats, two hundred females and twenty males from the sheep, (BBE)
Genesis 33:13 And he said to him, My lord knows that the children are tender, and the suckling sheep and kine are with me; and if they should overdrive them only one day, all the flock would die. (DBY)
Genesis 34:28 They took their sheep, and their oxen, and their asses, and that which was in the city, and that which was in the field, (KJV DBY WBS)
Genesis 38:12 After many days, Shua's daughter, the wife of Judah, died. Judah was comforted, and went up to his sheepshearers to Timnah, he and his friend Hirah, the Adullamite. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 38:13 It was told Tamar, saying, "Behold, your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 45:10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near to me, thou, and thy sons, and thy sons' sons, and thy sheep, and thy cattle, and all that thou hast. (DBY)
Genesis 46:32 And these men are keepers of sheep and owners of cattle, and have with them their flocks and their herds and all they have. (BBE DBY)
Genesis 46:34 You are to say, Your servants have been keepers of cattle from our early days up to now, like our fathers; in this way you will be able to have the land of Goshen for yourselves; because keepers of sheep are unclean in the eyes of the Egyptians. (BBE)
Genesis 47:1 And Joseph came and told Pharaoh and said, My father and my brethren, and their sheep and their cattle, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and behold, they are in the land of Goshen. (DBY)
Genesis 47:3 And Pharaoh said to them, What is your business? And they said, Your servants are keepers of sheep, as our fathers were before us. (BBE)
Genesis 47:4 And they said to Pharaoh, To sojourn in the land are we come; for there is no pasture for the sheep that thy servants have, for the famine is grievous in the land of Canaan; and now, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen. (DBY)
Genesis 47:17 And they brought their cattle to Joseph; and Joseph gave them bread for horses, and for flocks of sheep, and for herds of cattle, and for asses; and he fed them with bread for all their cattle that year. (DBY NIV)
Exodus 2:17 And the keepers of the sheep came up and were driving them away; but Moses got up and came to their help, watering their flock for them. (BBE)
Exodus 2:19 And they said, An Egyptian came to our help against the keepers of sheep and got water for us and gave it to the flock. (BBE)
Exodus 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain. (KJV DBY WBS NIV)
Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 20:24 You shall make an altar of earth for me, and shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your cattle. In every place where I record my name I will come to you and I will bless you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 22:1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 22:2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him. (See RSV)
Exodus 22:4 If the stolen property is found in his hand alive, whether it is ox, donkey, or sheep, he shall pay double. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Exodus 22:9 For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any kind of lost thing, about which one says,'This is mine,' the cause of both parties shall come before God. He whom God condemns shall pay double to his neighbor. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 22:10 "If a man delivers to his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep, and it dies or is injured, or driven away, no man seeing it; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 22:30 You shall do likewise with your cattle and with your sheep. Seven days it shall be with its mother, then on the eighth day you shall give it to me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:1 This is what you are to do to make them holy, to do the work of priests to me: Take one young ox and two male sheep, without any mark on them, (BBE)
Exodus 29:3 Put these in a basket and take them, with the ox and the two sheep. (BBE)
Exodus 29:15 Then take one of the sheep, and let Aaron and his sons put their hands on its head. (BBE)
Exodus 29:17 Then the sheep is to be cut up into its parts, and after washing its legs and its inside parts, you are to put them with the parts and the head, (BBE)