|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) A Reubenite (1 Chronicles 5:8).
(2.) A Benjamite (1 Chronicles 8:13).
(3.) One who stood by Ezra when he read the law (Nehemiah 8:4).
(4.) A town in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:26); the same as Sheba (ver. 5).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
she'-ma (shema`; Samaa): A city of Judah in the Negeb (Joshua 15:26). If, as some think, identical with SHEBA (which see) of Joshua 19:2, then the latter must have been inserted here from Joshua 15:26. It is noticeable that the root letters (sh-m-`) were those from which Simeon is derived. Shema is probably identical with Jeshua (Nehemiah 11:26). The place was clearly far South, and it may be Kh. Sa`wah, a ruin upon a prominent hilltop between Kh. `Attir and Khirbet el-Milch. There is a wall around the ruins, of large blocks of conglomerate flint (PEF, III, 409, Sh XXV).
E. W. G. Masterman
(1) A Reubenite (1 Chronicles 5:8, Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus Sama, Lucian, Semeei).
(2) One of the heads of "fathers' houses" in Aijalon, who put to flight the inhabitants of Gath (1 Chronicles 8:13, Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus Sama, Lucian, Samoa); in 1 Chronicles 8:21 he is called "Shimei." The statement is very obscure and the whole incident is probably due to some marginal note.
(3) One of those who stood at Ezra's right during the reading of the Law (Nehemiah 8:4, Samaias). He is called "Sammus" in 1 Esdras 9:43.
Horace J. Wolf
Shema (7 Occurrences)
Joshua 15:26 Amam, Shema, Moladah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 19:2 And they had for their heritage Beer-sheba and Shema and Moladah (BBE)
1 Chronicles 2:43 The sons of Hebron: Korah, and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 2:44 Shema became the father of Raham, the father of Jorkeam; and Rekem became the father of Shammai. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 5:8 and Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who lived in Aroer, even to Nebo and Baal Meon: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 8:13 and Beriah, and Shema, who were heads of fathers' houses of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who put to flight the inhabitants of Gath; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 8:4 Ezra the scribe stood on a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Uriah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchijah, and Hashum, and Hashbaddanah, Zechariah, and Meshullam. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)