|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
A Sanscrit or Aryan word, meaning "the sea coast."
(1.) One of the "sons" of Javan (Genesis 10:4; 1 Chronicles 1:7).
(2.) The name of a place which first comes into notice in the days of Solomon. The question as to the locality of Tarshish has given rise to not a little discussion. Some think there was a Tarshish in the East, on the Indian coast, seeing that "ships of Tarshish" sailed from Eziongeber, on the Red Sea (1 Kings 9:26; 22:48; 2 Chronicles 9:21). Some, again, argue that Carthage was the place so named. There can be little doubt, however, that this is the name of a Phoenician port in Spain, between the two mouths of the Guadalquivir (the name given to the river by the Arabs, and meaning "the great wady" or water-course). It was founded by a Carthaginian colony, and was the farthest western harbour of Tyrian sailors. It was to this port Jonah's ship was about to sail from Joppa. It has well been styled "the Peru of Tyrian adventure;" it abounded in gold and silver mines.
It appears that this name also is used without reference to any locality. "Ships of Tarshish" is an expression sometimes denoting simply ships intended for a long voyage (Isaiah 23:1, 14), ships of a large size (sea-going ships), whatever might be the port to which they sailed. Solomon's ships were so styled (1 Kings 10:22; 22:49).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) Eponym of a Benjamite family (1 Chronicles 7:10); Rhamessai, A and Lucian, Tharseis
(2) One of the "seven princes" at the court of Ahasuerus (Esther 1:14 Massoretic Text).
(3) The Hebrew name of a precious stone (Ezekiel 10:9 margin, English Versions of the Bible "beryl"; Exodus 28:20; Exodus 39:13 Ezekiel 1:16; Ezekiel 28:13 Songs 5:14 Daniel 10:6).
See STONES, PRECIOUS.
TARSHISH, NAVY (SHIPS) OF
See SHIPS AND BOATS, II, 1, (2).
Tarshish (24 Occurrences)
Genesis 10:4 The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tarshish with the navy of Hiram: once every three years came the navy of Tarshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 22:48 Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they didn't go; for the ships were broken at Ezion Geber. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV)
1 Chronicles 1:7 The sons of Javan: Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 7:10 The sons of Jediael: Bilhan. The sons of Bilhan: Jeush, and Benjamin, and Ehud, and Chenaanah, and Zethan, and Tarshish, and Ahishahar. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 9:21 For the king had ships that went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram; once every three years came the ships of Tarshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Chronicles 20:36 and he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish; and they made the ships in Ezion Geber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Chronicles 20:37 Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because you have joined yourself with Ahaziah, Yahweh has destroyed your works. The ships were broken, so that they were not able to go to Tarshish. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Esther 1:14 and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom), (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 48:7 With the east wind, you break the ships of Tarshish. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 72:10 The kings of Tarshish and of the islands will bring tribute. The kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 2:16 For all the ships of Tarshish, and for all pleasant imagery. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 23:1 The burden of Tyre. Howl, you ships of Tarshish! For it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in. From the land of Kittim it is revealed to them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 23:6 Pass over to Tarshish! Wail, you inhabitants of the coast! (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 23:10 Pass through your land like the Nile, daughter of Tarshish. There is no restraint any more. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 23:14 Howl, you ships of Tarshish, for your stronghold is laid waste! (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 60:9 Surely the islands shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring your sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, for the name of Yahweh your God, and for the Holy One of Israel, because he has glorified you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 66:19 "I will set a sign among them, and I will send such as escape of them to the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, who draw the bow, to Tubal and Javan, to the islands afar off, who have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the nations. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 10:9 There is silver beaten into plates, which is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of the artificer and of the hands of the goldsmith; blue and purple for their clothing; they are all the work of skillful men. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 10:9 I looked, and behold, four wheels beside the cherubim, one wheel beside one cherub, and another wheel beside another cherub; and the appearance of the wheels was like a beryl stone. (See NAS)
Ezekiel 27:12 Tarshish was your merchant by reason of the multitude of all kinds of riches; with silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded for your wares. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 27:25 The ships of Tarshish were your caravans for your merchandise: and you were replenished, and made very glorious in the heart of the seas. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 38:13 Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions of it, shall tell you, Have you come to take the spoil? have you assembled your company to take the prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away livestock and goods, to take great spoil? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jonah 1:3 But Jonah rose up to flee to Tarshish from the presence of Yahweh. He went down to Joppa, and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid its fare, and went down into it, to go with them to Tarshish from the presence of Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)