|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Store cities which the Israelites built for the Egyptians (Exodus 1:11). (see PITHOM.) Towns in which the treasures of the kings of Judah were kept were so designated (1 Chronicles 27:25).
The houses or magazines built for the safe keeping of treasure and valuable articles of any kind (Ezra 5:17; 7:20; Nehemiah 10:38; Dan. 1:2).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) Wealth accumulated; especially, a stock, or store of money in reserve.
2. (n.) A great quantity of anything collected for future use; abundance; plenty.
3. (n.) That which is very much valued.
4. (v. t.) To collect and deposit, as money or other valuable things, for future use; to lay up; to hoard; usually with up; as, to treasure up gold.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TREASURE; TREASURER; TREASURY
trezh'-ur, trezh'-ur-er, trezh'-ur-i (otsar, genaz, genez, ganzakh, chocen matmon, mickenah, mikhman, `athudh, saphan; gaza, thesauros):
I. In the Old Testament.
The English word "treasure" has in the Old Testament at least five somewhat distinct meanings as expressed in the words: "treasure," genaz (Aramaic) or genez (Hebrew), usually meaning "the thing stored"; translated "treasures" in Ezra 6:1, but in 5:17 and 7:20 translated "treasure-house": "search made in the king's treasure-house." In Esther 3:9; Esther 4:7 the Hebrew form is translated "treasury," as is ganzakh in 1 Chronicles 28:11.
"Storehouse," not the thing stored but the place of storage; 'otsar means depository, cellar, garner, armory, store or treasure-house. In several places it ought to be translated by some of these words. It is the most frequent word for treasure. the English Revised Version and the American Standard Revised Version both translate in some instances by other words, e.g. 1 Kings 7:51, "treasuries of the house of Yahweh," so also 2 Chronicles 5:1; "treasury" in Nehemiah 7:70, 71, "gave to the treasury a thousand darics of gold"; in Job 38:22, "treasuries of the snow" (compare Proverbs 8:21 Jeremiah 10:13; Jeremiah 51:16 Ezra 2:69).
3. Hidden Riches:
"Treasure" or something concealed. There are 3 Hebrew words with this meaning and all in the King James Version translated "treasure." (1) Matmon, which literally means "a secret storehouse" and so a secreted valuable, usually money buried, and so hidden riches of any kind, hid treasures: "treasure in your sacks" (Genesis 43:23); "dig for it more than for hid treasures" (Job 3:21); "search for her as for hid treasures" (Proverbs 2:4); "We have stores hidden in the field, of wheat," etc. (Jeremiah 41:8). (2) Mikhman, treasure as hidden, used only in Daniel 11:43: "have power over the treasures of gold and silver." (3) Saphan, meaning hidden treasure or valuables concealed: "hidden treasures of the sand" (Deuteronomy 33:19).
Perhaps the strength of riches and so treasure, the Hebrew word being chocen, from a root meaning to hoard or lay up: "In the house of the righteous is much treasure" (Proverbs 15:6); "They take treasure and precious things" (Ezekiel 22:25).
5. Something Prepared:
"Something prepared," made ready, the Hebrew word being `athudh, meaning "prepared," "ready," therefore something of value and so treasure: "have robbed their treasures," fortifications or other things "made ready" (Isaiah 10:13).
In the Old Testament the Hebrew word most often translated "treasure" is 'otsar. It occurs in the sing. as follows: Deuteronomy 28:12 1 Chronicles 29:8; Nehemiah 10:38 Psalm 17:14; Psalm 135:4 Proverbs 15:16; Proverbs 21:20 Ecclesiastes 2:8 Isaiah 33:6; Daniel 1:2 Hosea 13:15; in the pl.: Deuteronomy 32:34 1 Kings 14:26; 1 Kings 15:18; 2 Kings 12:18; 2 Kings 14:14; 2 Kings 16:8; 2 Kings 18:15; 2 Kings 20:13, 15; 24:13, etc.
The same word is in the King James Version translated "treasuries" in 1 Chronicles 9:26; 1 Chronicles 28:12 2 Chronicles 32:27; Nehemiah 13:12, 13 Psalm 135:7; and "treasury" in Joshua 6:19, 24 Jeremiah 38:11.
II. In the New Testament.
There are two words translated "treasure": Gaza is of Persian origin, meaning "treasure." Found only once in Acts 8:27 concerning the Ethiopian "who was over all her (Queen Candace's) treasure." In the compound gazophulakion, "guarding of gaza," the same word appears and the compound is translated "treasury" in Mark 12:41, 43 parallel Luke 21:1 John 8:20.
See TEMPLE; TREASURY (OF TEMPLE).
The word thesauros means literally, a "deposit," so wealth and treasure. Evidently throughout the New Testament it has a twofold usage as describing
(1) material treasure, either money or other valuable material possession, and
(2) spiritual treasure, e.g. "like unto treasure hid in a field" (Matthew 13:44); "good treasure of the heart" (Matthew 12:35).
Other references to material treasure are Matthew 6:21; Matthew 13:52 Luke 12:21, 34, etc. References to spiritual treasure are Matthew 19:21 Mark 10:21 Luke 6:45; Luke 12:33; Luke 18:22; plural Matthew 6:20 Colossians 2:3.
In Matthew 27:6 the word for "treasury" is korbanas; compare the Revised Version margin.
Treasure (66 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:19 "Don't lay up treasures for yourselves on the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal; (Root in WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 6:20 but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consume, and where thieves don't break through and steal; (Root in WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 6:21 for where your treasure is, there your heart will be also. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 12:35 The good man out of his good treasure brings out good things, and the evil man out of his evil treasure brings out evil things. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Matthew 13:44 "Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field, which a man found, and hid. In his joy, he goes and sells all that he has, and buys that field. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 13:52 He said to them, "Therefore, every scribe who has been made a disciple in the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a householder, who brings out of his treasure new and old things." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 19:21 Jesus said to him, "If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 10:21 Jesus looking at him loved him, and said to him, "One thing you lack. Go, sell whatever you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me, taking up the cross." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 6:45 The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings out that which is good, and the evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings out that which is evil, for out of the abundance of the heart, his mouth speaks. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Luke 12:21 So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God." (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Luke 12:33 Sell that which you have, and give gifts to the needy. Make for yourselves purses which don't grow old, a treasure in the heavens that doesn't fail, where no thief approaches, neither moth destroys. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 12:34 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 18:22 When Jesus heard these things, he said to him, "You still lack one thing. Sell all that you have, and distribute it to the poor. You will have treasure in heaven. Come, follow me." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 8:27 He arose and went; and behold, there was a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was over all her treasure, who had come to Jerusalem to worship. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God; (Root in KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in clay vessels, that the exceeding greatness of the power may be of God, and not from ourselves. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Philippians 2:6 Although from the beginning He had the nature of God He did not reckon His equality with God a treasure to be tightly grasped. (WEY)
1 Timothy 6:19 treasuring up to themselves a right foundation for the time to come, that they may lay hold on the life age-during. (See NAS NIV)
2 Timothy 1:14 That precious treasure which is in your charge, guard through the Holy Spirit who has His home in our hearts. (WEY NAS)
James 5:3 Your gold and your silver are corroded, and their corrosion will be for a testimony against you, and will eat your flesh like fire. You have laid up your treasure in the last days. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Genesis 24:10 And the servant took ten camels of the camels of his master, and departed; now all the treasure of his master was under his hand; and he arose and went to Aram-naharaim, to the city of Nahor. (DBY)
Genesis 43:23 He said, "Peace be to you. Don't be afraid. Your God, and the God of your father, has given you treasure in your sacks. I received your money." He brought Simeon out to them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. (KJV WBS)
Exodus 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: (KJV JPS WBS YLT NIV)
Deuteronomy 7:6 For thou art a holy people unto Jehovah thy God: Jehovah thy God hath chosen thee to be a people for his own possession, above all peoples that are upon the face of the earth. (See JPS NIV)
Deuteronomy 14:2 For thou art a holy people unto Jehovah thy God, and Jehovah hath chosen thee to be a people for his own possession, above all peoples that are upon the face of the earth. (See JPS YLT NIV)
Deuteronomy 26:18 and Jehovah hath avouched thee this day to be a people for his own possession, as he hath promised thee, and that thou shouldest keep all his commandments; (See JPS YLT NAS NIV)
Deuteronomy 28:12 Yahweh will open to you his good treasure in the sky, to give the rain of your land in its season, and to bless all the work of your hand: and you shall lend to many nations, and you shall not borrow. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
2 Kings 20:13 Hezekiah listened to them, and showed them all the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious oil, and the house of his armor, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah didn't show them. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 29:3 In addition, because I have set my affection on the house of my God, seeing that I have a treasure of my own of gold and silver, I give it to the house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the holy house, (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 29:8 They with whom precious stones were found gave them to the treasure of the house of Yahweh, under the hand of Jehiel the Gershonite. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Ezra 2:69 They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the work threescore and one thousand drams of gold, and five thousand pound of silver, and one hundred priests' garments. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Ezra 5:17 Now therefore, if it seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure house, which is there at Babylon, whether it be so, that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem; and let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezra 7:20 Whatever more shall be needful for the house of your God, which you shall have occasion to bestow, bestow it out of the king's treasure house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Nehemiah 7:70 And some of the chief of the fathers gave unto the work. The Tirshatha gave to the treasure a thousand drams of gold, fifty basons, five hundred and thirty priests' garments. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Nehemiah 7:71 And some of the chief of the fathers gave to the treasure of the work twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand and two hundred pound of silver. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Nehemiah 10:38 The priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes to the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Job 3:21 Who long for death, but it doesn't come; and dig for it more than for hidden treasures, (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 20:20 "Because he knew no quietness within him, he shall not save anything of that in which he delights. (See NIV)
Job 22:24 Lay your treasure in the dust, the gold of Ophir among the stones of the brooks. (WEB JPS ASV)
Job 22:25 The Almighty will be your treasure, and precious silver to you. (WEB JPS ASV)
Job 38:22 Have you entered the treasuries of the snow, or have you seen the treasures of the hail, (Root in WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Psalms 16:1 A Secret Treasure of David. Preserve me, O God, for I did trust in Thee. (YLT)
Psalms 17:14 From men which are thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which have their portion in this life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid treasure: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their substance to their babes. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS)
Psalms 56:1 To the Overseer. -- 'On the Dumb Dove far off.' -- A secret treasure of David, in the Philistines' taking hold of him in Gath. Favour me, O God, for man swallowed me up, All the day fighting he oppresseth me, (YLT)
Psalms 57:1 To the Overseer. -- 'Destroy not.' -- A secret treasure of David, in his fleeing from the face of Saul into a cave. Favour me, O God, favour me, For in Thee is my soul trusting, And in the shadow of Thy wings I trust, Until the calamities pass over. (YLT)
Psalms 58:1 To the Overseer. -- 'Destroy not.' -- A secret treasure, by David. Is it true, O dumb one, righteously ye speak? Uprightly ye judge, O sons of men? (YLT)
Psalms 59:1 To the Overseer. -- 'Destroy not,' by David. -- A secret treasure, in Saul's sending, and they watch the house to put him to death. Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God, From my withstanders set me on high. (YLT)
Psalms 60:1 To the Overseer. -- 'Concerning the Lily of Testimony,' a secret treasure of David, to teach, in his striving with Aram-Naharaim, and with Aram-Zobah, and Joab turneth back and smiteth Edom in the valley of Salt -- twelve thousand. O God, Thou hadst cast us off, Thou hadst broken us -- hadst been angry! -- Thou dost turn back to us. (YLT)
Psalms 135:4 For the LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure. (KJV JPS WBS YLT NIV)
Proverbs 2:1 My son, if you will take my words to your heart, storing up my laws in your mind; (See NAS RSV)
Proverbs 2:4 If you seek her as silver, and search for her as for hidden treasures: (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 7:1 My son, keep my sayings, and let my rules be stored up with you. (See NAS RSV)
Proverbs 15:6 In the house of the righteous is much treasure, but the income of the wicked brings trouble. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 15:16 Better is little, with the fear of Yahweh, than great treasure with trouble. Song of Solomon (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 21:20 There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man swallows it up. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 24:4 by knowledge the rooms are filled with all rare and beautiful treasure. (WEB NIV)
Ecclesiastes 2:8 I also gathered silver and gold for myself, and the treasure of kings and of the provinces. I got myself male and female singers, and the delights of the sons of men-musical instruments, and that of all sorts. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 33:6 There will be stability in your times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge. The fear of Yahweh is your treasure. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 39:2 Hezekiah was pleased with them, and showed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, the spices, and the precious oil, and all the house of his armor, and all that was found in his treasures. There was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah didn't show them. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 44:9 Those who make a pictured image are all of them as nothing, and the things of their desire will be of no profit to them: and their servants see not, and have no knowledge; so they will be put to shame. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 22:25 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in its midst, like a roaring lion ravening the prey: they have devoured souls; they take treasure and precious things; they have made her widows many in its midst. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 1:2 The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God; and he carried them into the land of Shinar to the house of his god: and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
Hosea 13:15 Though he is fruitful among his brothers, an east wind will come, the breath of Yahweh coming up from the wilderness; and his spring will become dry, and his fountain will be dried up. He will plunder the storehouse of treasure. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
Nahum 2:9 Take the spoil of silver. Take the spoil of gold, for there is no end of the store, the glory of all goodly furniture. (See NAS RSV NIV)
Malachi 3:17 And they shall be mine, saith Jehovah of hosts, even mine own possession, in the day that I make; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him. (See JPS DBY YLT NIV)