|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
The Hebrew word so rendered is from a root meaning "to travel about," "to migrate," and hence "a traveller." In the East, in ancient times, merchants travelled about with their merchandise from place to place (Genesis 37:25; Job 6:18), and carried on their trade mainly by bartering (Genesis 37:28; 39:1). After the Hebrews became settled in Palestine they began to engage in commercial pursuits, which gradually expanded (49:13; Deuteronomy 33:18; Judges 5:17), till in the time of Solomon they are found in the chief marts of the world (1 Kings 9:26; 10:11, 26, 28; 22:48; 2 Chronicles 1:16; 9:10, 21). After Solomon's time their trade with foreign nations began to decline. After the Exile it again expanded into wider foreign relations, because now the Jews were scattered in many lands.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) One who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; a trafficker; a trader.
2. (n.) A trading vessel; a merchantman.
3. (n.) One who keeps a store or shop for the sale of goods; a shopkeeper.
4. (a.) Of, pertaining to, or employed in, trade or merchandise; as, the merchant service.
5. (v. i.) To be a merchant; to trade.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
See COMMERCE; MERCHANDISE; TRADE.
Merchant (15 Occurrences)
Matthew 13:45 "Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a merchant seeking fine pearls, (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 23:16 Abraham listened to Ephron. Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver which he had named in the audience of the children of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, according to the current merchants' standard. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Proverbs 31:14 She is like the merchant ships. She brings her bread from afar. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 31:24 She makes linen garments and sells them, and delivers sashes to the merchant. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 3:6 Who is this who comes up from the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all spices of the merchant? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 23:3 Who get in the seed of Shihor, whose wealth is the trade of the nations. (See RSV)
Isaiah 23:11 He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof. (KJV WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 27:3 and tell Tyre, you who dwell at the entry of the sea, who are the merchant of the peoples to many islands, thus says the Lord Yahweh: You, Tyre, have said, I am perfect in beauty. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 27:12 Tarshish was your merchant by reason of the multitude of all kinds of riches; with silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded for your wares. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 27:16 Syria was your merchant by reason of the multitude of your handiworks: they traded for your wares with emeralds, purple, and embroidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and rubies. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 27:18 Damascus was your merchant for the multitude of your handiworks, by reason of the multitude of all kinds of riches, with the wine of Helbon, and white wool. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 27:20 Dedan was thy merchant in precious clothes for chariots. (KJV WBS YLT)
Hosea 12:7 A merchant has dishonest scales in his hand. He loves to defraud. (WEB KJV DBY WBS NAS NIV)
Zephaniah 1:11 Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off. (KJV JPS WBS YLT NIV)
Zechariah 14:21 And every pot in Jerusalem, and in Judah, Have been holy to Jehovah of Hosts, And all those sacrificing have come in, And have taken of them, and boiled in them, And there is no merchant any more in the house of Jehovah of Hosts in that day! (YLT)