|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (superl.) Belonging to another country; foreign.
2. (superl.) of or pertaining to others; not one's own; not pertaining to one's self; not domestic.
3. (superl.) Not before known, heard, or seen; new.
4. (superl.) Not according to the common way; novel; odd; unusual; irregular; extraordinary; unnatural; queer.
5. (superl.) Reserved; distant in deportment.
6. (superl.) Backward; slow.
7. (superl.) Not familiar; unaccustomed; inexperienced.
8. (adv.) Strangely.
9. (v. t.) To alienate; to estrange.
10. (v. i.) To be estranged or alienated.
11. (v. i.) To wonder; to be astonished.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
stranj: The word "strange," as used in this connection in the Old Testament, refers to the fact that the god or gods do not belong to Israel, but are the gods which are worshipped by other families or nations. In several cases a more exact translation would give us the "gods of the stranger" or foreigner. So in Genesis 35:2, 4 Joshua 24:2 Judges 10:16 Deuteronomy 31:16; Deuteronomy 32:12, etc. In a few passages like Deuteronomy 32:16 Psalm 44:20; Psalm 81:9 Isaiah 43:12, the word is an adjective, but the idea is the same: the gods are those which are worshipped by other peoples and hence are forbidden to Israel, which is under obligation to worship Yahweh alone (compare 2 Esdras 1:6).
In the New Testament the phrase occurs only once, in the account of Paul's experiences in Athens (Acts 17:18), when some of his auditors said, "He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods" (xena daimonia). Here the thought is clearly that by his preaching of Jesus he was regarded as introducing a new divinity, that is one who was strange or foreign to the Athenians and of whom they had never heard before. Like the Romans of this period the Athenians were doubtless interested in, and more or less favorable to, the numerous new cults which were coming to their attention as the result of the constant intercourse with the Orient. See preceding article.
Walter R. Betteridge
"Strange" as contrasted with "an Israelite." Such wives are spoken of in the King James Version Ezra 10:2, 11 (the English Revised Version "strange women," the American Standard Revised Version "foreign women"; see STRANGER AND SOJOURNER; in the parallel 1 Esdras 8:68-9:37, the King James Version uses "strange wives" and "strange women" indifferently, and the Revised Version (British and American) here follows the King James Version) as "wives of the people of the land," in taking whom the men of Israel are said to have "trespassed against their God." Accordingly such wives were "put away."
The Hebrew zar, translated "stranger," meant primarily one "who turns aside," i.e. to visit another country; then a "sojourner," "stranger." The "strange woman" of Proverbs 2:16 is a technical term for "harlot"; compare Judges 11:1, 2, where "son of a strange (the Revised Version (British and American) "another") woman" (11:2, 'acher) is parallel to "the son of a harlot" (11:1).
See STRANGE WIFE.
stranj ('esh zarah, "alien fire"): These words are mentioned in connection with the fatal sin committed by the two oldest sons of Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, in "offering strange fire before Yahweh," on the occasion of the formal consecration of the Aaronitic priesthood (Leviticus 10:1, 2). The fact is mentioned again in Numbers 3:4; Numbers 26:61. The greatest calamity of all befell them in that they were cut off childless, which for every true Israelite was the darkest fate imaginable. This fact is mentioned twice (Numbers 3:4 1 Chronicles 24:2). The power which cut off the lives of Nadab and Abihu (Leviticus 10:1, 2) is the same as that which shortly before had consumed the consecratory burnt offering (Leviticus 9:24). What was its true character, whether, as Rosenmuller and Dachsel surmise, it was a lightning stroke or some other supernatural agency, is not worth while debating. It is enough for us to know that "there came forth fire from before Yahweh and devoured them." Yet this latter word is not to be taken literally, since they were carried out for burial in their own linen garments (Leviticus 10:5). They were therefore merely killed, not incinerated. What was their sin? The words "strange fire" have been explained either as common fire, which they placed in their censers, or as unholy incense, which they put thereon (Exodus 39:38). But the text plainly points to the former. The sacred fire, once kindled on the altar, was never to be permitted to go out (Leviticus 6:12 f). When later the temple was dedicated Yahweh again lighted the fire on the altar from heaven, as in the case of the dedication of the tabernacle. As, however, the injunction to take fire for the censers of the incense offering only from the coals of the altar is not found before (Leviticus 16:12), Rosenmuller's observation would seem to be very much to the point: "Quamquam enim in iis quae praecedunt, non extat hoc interdictum, tamen est verisimile Mosem vetasse Aaroni et filiis eius ne ignem alienum altari imponerent." ("For although his injunction does not hold in regard to the preceding cases, yet it is very probable that Moses had forbidden Aaron and his sons to place strange fire upon the altar.") A verbal injunction of Moses must have preceded the fatal mistake. But the text leads us to believe there was more than a mistake here. Some find here the sin of drunkenness, from the enjoined abstinence from any intoxicating drink before the priests thereafter minister before Yahweh (Leviticus 10:9). The likeliest explanation is that, inflated with pride on account of the exaltation of the Aaronitic family above all Israel, they broke unbidden into the ritual of the consecration of the tabernacle and priesthood, eager to take part in the ceremony, and in their haste bringing strange fire into the tabernacle, and thus met their death (see Oehler, Old Testament Theol., 126, 282). The fire burning on the altar came from God, it might never go out, since it represented "the unbroken course of adoration of Yahweh, carried on in sacrifice." And this course was interrupted by Nadab and Abihu. The fire on the altar was a symbol of holiness, and they sought to overlay it with unholiness. And thus it became to them a consuming fire, because they approached the Holy One in a profane spirit (compare Isaiah 33:14).
Henry E. Dosker
See GOD, STRANGE.
Strange (234 Occurrences)
Matthew 2:9 After hearing what the king said, they went to Bethlehem, while, strange to say, the star they had seen in the east led them on until it came and stood over the place where the babe was. (WEY)
Luke 2:50 And his words seemed strange to them. (BBE)
Luke 5:26 Amazement took hold on all, and they glorified God. They were filled with fear, saying, "We have seen strange things today." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Luke 17:18 Were there none found who returned to give glory to God, except this stranger?" (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS)
John 9:30 The man said in answer, Why, here is a strange thing! You have no knowledge where he comes from though he gave me the use of my eyes. (BBE)
John 10:5 They will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him; for they don't know the voice of strangers." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 7:6 God spoke in this way: that his seed would live as aliens in a strange land, and that they would be enslaved and mistreated for four hundred years. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY YLT NIV)
Acts 10:28 And he said to them, Ye know how it is unlawful for a Jew to be joined or come to one of a strange race, and to me God has shewn to call no man common or unclean. (DBY)
Acts 17:20 For you bring certain strange things to our ears. We want to know therefore what these things mean." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 19:19 And a great number of those who were experts in strange arts took their books and put them on the fire in front of everyone: and when the books were valued they came to fifty thousand bits of silver. (BBE)
Acts 26:11 And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto strange cities. (KJV YLT)
Romans 10:20 And Isaiah, with strange boldness, exclaims, "I have been found by those who were not looking for Me, I have revealed Myself to those who were not inquiring of Me." (WEY)
1 Corinthians 14:9 So if you, in using a strange tongue, say words which have no sense, how will anyone take in what you are saying? for you will be talking to the air. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 14:11 But if the sense of the voice is not clear to me, I am like a man from a strange country to him who is talking, and he will be the same to me. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 14:19 But in the church it would be better for me to make use of five words of which the sense was clear, so that others might have profit, than ten thousand words in a strange tongue. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 14:21 In the law it is written, "By men of strange languages and by the lips of strangers I will speak to this people. Not even thus will they hear me, says the Lord." (WEB ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 6:9 as obscure persons, and yet are well known; as on the point of death, and yet, strange to tell, we live; as under God's discipline, and yet we are not deprived of life; (WEY)
2 Corinthians 11:15 no great thing, then, if also his ministrants do transform themselves as ministrants of righteousness -- whose end shall be according to their works. (See RSV)
Galatians 3:1 O foolish Galatians, by what strange powers have you been tricked, to whom it was made clear that Jesus Christ was put to death on the cross? (BBE)
Ephesians 4:18 Whose thoughts are dark, to whom the life of God is strange because they are without knowledge, and their hearts have been made hard; (BBE DBY)
Colossians 3:5 Then put to death your bodies which are of the earth; wrong use of the flesh, unclean things, passion, evil desires and envy, which is the worship of strange gods; (BBE)
1 Timothy 1:3 When I was on my journey to Macedonia I begged you to remain on in Ephesus that you might remonstrate with certain persons because of their erroneous teaching (See NAS)
Hebrews 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: (KJV BBE DBY YLT NIV)
Hebrews 13:9 Don't be carried away by various and strange teachings, for it is good that the heart be established by grace, not by food, through which those who were so occupied were not benefited. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Peter 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul; (Root in KJV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Peter 4:4 They think it is strange that you don't run with them into the same excess of riot, blaspheming: (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
1 Peter 4:12 Beloved, don't be astonished at the fiery trial which has come upon you, to test you, as though a strange thing happened to you. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jude 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities around them, having, in the same way as these, given themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are set forth as an example, suffering the punishment of eternal fire. (WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS NAS)
Revelation 15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and strange; seven angels having the seven last punishments, for in them the wrath of God is complete. (BBE)
Genesis 19:9 And they said, Give way there. This one man, they said, came here from a strange country, and will he now be our judge? now we will do worse to you than to them; and pushing violently against Lot, they came near to get the door broken in. (BBE)
Genesis 21:34 And Abraham went on living in the land of the Philistines as in a strange country. (BBE)
Genesis 23:4 "I am a stranger and a foreigner living with you. Give me a possession of a burying-place with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 31:15 Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hath sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 35:2 Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments: (KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 35:4 And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods which were in their hand, and all their earrings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem. (KJV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 42:7 Joseph saw his brothers, and he recognized them, but acted like a stranger to them, and spoke roughly with them. He said to them, "Where did you come from?" They said, "From the land of Canaan to buy food." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Exodus 2:22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land. (Root in KJV JPS BBE WBS YLT)
Exodus 3:3 And Moses said, I will go and see this strange thing, why the tree is not burned up, (BBE NIV)
Exodus 12:45 A man from a strange country living among you, and a servant working for payment, may not take part in it. (BBE)
Exodus 12:49 One law shall be to him who is born at home, and to the stranger who lives as a foreigner among you." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV)
Exodus 18:3 And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land: (KJV JPS BBE WBS YLT)
Exodus 20:10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God. You shall not do any work in it, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your livestock, nor your stranger who is within your gates; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS)
Exodus 21:8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. (KJV BBE WBS YLT)
Exodus 22:21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Exodus 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS NAS)
Exodus 30:9 You shall offer no strange incense on it, nor burnt offering, nor meal offering; and you shall pour no drink offering on it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Exodus 30:33 Whoever compounds any like it, or whoever puts any of it on a stranger, he shall be cut off from his people.'" (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Leviticus 10:1 Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer, and put fire in it, and laid incense on it, and offered strange fire before Yahweh, which he had not commanded them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Leviticus 16:1 And the Lord said to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron when they took in strange fire before the Lord and death overtook them; (BBE)
Leviticus 19:26 Nothing may be used for food with its blood in it; you may not make use of strange arts, or go in search of signs and wonders. (BBE)
Leviticus 19:34 The stranger who lives as a foreigner with you shall be to you as the native-born among you, and you shall love him as yourself; for you lived as foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am Yahweh your God. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Leviticus 22:12 If the priest's daughter also be married unto a stranger, she may not eat of an offering of the holy things. (Root in KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Leviticus 26:38 And death will overtake you among strange nations, and the land of your haters will be your destruction. (BBE)
Numbers 1:51 When the tabernacle is to move, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle is to be set up, the Levites shall set it up. The stranger who comes near shall be put to death. (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Numbers 3:4 Nadab and Abihu died before Yahweh, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children. Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the presence of Aaron their father. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Numbers 3:10 You shall appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall keep their priesthood. The stranger who comes near shall be put to death." (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Numbers 3:38 Those who encamp before the tabernacle eastward, in front of the Tent of Meeting toward the sunrise, shall be Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the requirements of the sanctuary for the duty of the children of Israel. The stranger who comes near shall be put to death. (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Numbers 14:3 Why is the Lord taking us into this land to come to our death by the sword? Our wives and our little ones will get into strange hands: would it not be better for us to go back to Egypt? (BBE)
Numbers 14:31 And your little ones, whom you said would come into strange hands, I will take in, and they will see the land which you would not have. (BBE)
Numbers 16:30 and if a strange thing Jehovah do, and the ground hath opened her mouth and swallowed them, and all that they have, and they have gone down alive to Sheol -- then ye have known that these men have despised Jehovah.' (YLT)
Numbers 26:61 Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Deuteronomy 1:39 And your little ones, who, you said, would come into strange hands, your children, who now have no knowledge of good or evil, they will go into that land, and to them I will give it and it will be theirs. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 5:14 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God, in which you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your livestock, nor your stranger who is within your gates; that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS
Deuteronomy 10:18 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 10:19 Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 13:2 And the sign or the wonder takes place, and he says to you, Let us go after other gods, which are strange to you, and give them worship; (BBE)
Deuteronomy 13:6 If your brother, the son of your mother, or your son or your daughter or the wife of your heart, or the friend who is as dear to you as your life, working on you secretly says to you, Let us go and give worship to other gods, strange to you and to your fathers; (BBE)
Deuteronomy 14:29 And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hand which thou doest. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 16:11 And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to place his name there. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS NAS)
Deuteronomy 16:14 And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS NAS)
Deuteronomy 18:10 Let there not be seen among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter go through the fire, or anyone using secret arts, or a maker of strange sounds, or a reader of signs, or any wonder-worker, (BBE)
Deuteronomy 23:17 No daughter of Israel is to let herself be used as a loose woman for a strange god, and no son of Israel is to give himself to a man. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 24:17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge: (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 24:19 When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 24:20 When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 24:21 When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 25:5 If brothers dwell together, and one of them die, and have no son, the wife of the dead shall not be married outside to a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in to her, and take her to him as wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her. (Root in WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 26:11 And thou shalt rejoice in every good thing which the LORD thy God hath given unto thee, and unto thine house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that is among you. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 26:13 Then thou shalt say before the LORD thy God, I have brought away the hallowed things out of mine house, and also have given them unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all thy commandments which thou hast commanded me: I have not transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten them. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverteth the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen. (Root in KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS)
Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of your land and all the work of your hands will be food for a nation which is strange to you and to your fathers; you will only be crushed down and kept under for ever: (BBE)
Deuteronomy 28:36 And you, and the king whom you have put over you, will the Lord take away to a nation strange to you and to your fathers; there you will be servants to other gods of wood and stone. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 28:41 You will have sons and daughters, but they will not be yours; for they will go away prisoners into a strange land. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 28:43 The stranger that is within thee shall get up above thee very high; and thou shalt come down very low. (Root in KJV JPS BBE WBS)
Deuteronomy 28:49 The Lord will send a nation against you from the farthest ends of the earth, coming with the flight of an eagle; a nation whose language is strange to you; (BBE)
Deuteronomy 29:26 And they went after other gods and gave them worship, gods who were strange to them, and whom he had not given them: (BBE)
Deuteronomy 30:11 For these orders which I have given you today are not strange and secret, and are not far away. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 31:16 Yahweh said to Moses, "Behold, you shall sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up, and play the prostitute after the strange gods of the land, where they go to be among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 32:12 So the LORD alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him. (KJV JPS DBY WBS YLT)
Deuteronomy 32:16 They moved him to jealousy with strange gods. They provoked him to anger with abominations. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 32:17 They made offerings to evil spirits which were not God, to gods who were strange to them, which had newly come up, not feared by your fathers. (BBE)
Joshua 24:20 If ye forsake the LORD, and serve strange gods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you good. (KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Joshua 24:23 Now therefore put away, said he, the strange gods which are among you, and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel. (KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Judges 10:16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. (KJV JPS BBE WBS YLT)
Judges 11:2 And Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they thrust out Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our father's house; for thou art the son of a strange woman. (KJV WBS)
Judges 13:19 So Manoah took the young goat with its meal offering, offering it on the rock to the Lord, who did strange things. (BBE)
Judges 18:3 When they were near the house of Micah, hearing a voice which was not strange to them, that of the young Levite, they went out of their road to his place, and said to him, How did you come here? and what are you doing in this place? and why are you here? (BBE)
Judges 19:12 And his master said unto him, We will not turn aside hither into the city of a stranger, that is not of the children of Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah. (Root in KJV BBE WBS YLT)
Ruth 2:10 Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? (Root in KJV BBE WBS YLT)